In November 2013, the United States and Bangladesh signed a Trade cooperation and investment forum (TICFA) agreement, where by which the United States and Bangladesh agreed to cooperate more regularly to address issues related to trade and investment relations. In September 2018, the last meeting of the TIFCA Council, officials from both sides promised to deepen their engagement on these issues. ==Officials also expressed concern about general labour reforms and the need for Bangladesh to continue to cooperate with the private sector on worker safety.136 The US is also working with Bangladesh by participating in a “sustainability compact,” an intergovernmental approach that also involves the governments of the EU and Canada, and the International Labour Organization (ILO). “Promote the continuous improvement of labour rights and factory safety in the garment and knitting industry in Bangladesh.” The last revision of the pact also took place in July 2018. Compact members noted the need to do more work to adapt Bangladesh`s labour legislation to international labour conventions and its implementation.137 Information on trade with developing countries will be removed from 1 January 2021. This information is now available on a separate page. In 1971, GATT followed UNCTAD`s lead and granted two exemptions to the most general remuneration scheme, which allowed for the granting of tariff preferences to products from developing countries. Both waivers were limited to ten years. In 1979, the enabling clause introduced a permanent exemption from the obligation of the greatest capacity.
This waiver allowed GATT parties (the equivalent of current WTO members) to establish trade preference systems for other countries, provided that these systems are “generalized, non-discriminatory and non-reciprocal” for beneficiary countries (so-called “beneficiaries”). Countries should not set up GSP programmes from which few of their “friends” have benefited. The idea of tariff preferences for developing countries was widely discussed at the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) in the 1960s. Among other things, developing countries have asserted that the most-favoured-nation has a deterrent effect for richer countries to reduce and eliminate tariffs and other trade restrictions quickly enough to benefit developing countries. UNCTAD`s support for the GSP and other preferential regimes is to assist developing countries — particularly the least developed countries — in increasing the use of the GSP and other trade preferences, thereby promoting the development of productive capacities and the strengthening of trade. . . .